Down’s syndrome, a genetic disorder

How easily an extra chromosome changes a mortal! Here you will find everything related to down’s syndrome and how you can prevent your kids from the very start.

All you need to know about down Syndrome!

It is a condition in which an individual possess an extra chromosome. Everbody possess genes, chromosomes are little bundles of genes, present in your body. These chromosomes are responsible for deciding, how a kid body will function inside the womb of a mother and after the birth. A normal baby has 46 number of chromosomes but a baby with down syndrome possess an extra chromosome.

Now this extra chromosome disrupts the normal functioning of the body, this extra chromosome alters the normal development of a child’s body and brain.

Do all people with Down’s syndrome act same?

You might find people with down’s syndrome, acting same and look similar but each one has different ability. IQ level of people with down syndrome is relatively low and they speak slower than other normal individuals.

Some common traits which people with down syndrome share are

  • They have a flat face
  • Down’s syndrome victims have almond shaped eyes
  • They possess small ears
  • In comparison to adults and children they have small height
  • They have small feet and hands
  • They have scant neck
  • They have loose joints.

What’s the prevention of Down’s syndrome?

It is possible to prevent your kid from down’s syndrome before birth. Here prenatal tests are conducted during pregnancy to know about whether a mother is likely to have a kid with down’s syndrome or not. In between pregnancy you need to take proper consultation from the doctor. Now because of technology you don’t need to wait in the queue to share your reports with your doctor, you can easily share your reports and can take proper consultation, online.

Proper consultation can make you understand your chances of having a kid with down syndrome. A doctor can recommend you the tests, needed to diagnose the fetus for down syndrome, moreover can elaborate the pros and cons of testing.

Available prenatal tests

There are two prenatal tests available to know the chances of having an infant with down syndrome, screening tests, and diagnostic test.

The screening test is done in the early weeks of pregnancy, basically, its purpose is to elaborate the risk of having a kid with down syndrome during pregnancy. Screening test is safe and has no bad consequences. A very important point here is that the screening test doesn’t provide you with the definite answer, yes or no. The screening test just defines the risk of having an infant with this disease, if according to the screening test, your chance of having a baby with down syndrome is high then you are offered diagnostic tests. This diagnostic test is done when a fetus is inside the mother’s womb.

There are two diagnostic tests available: chorionic villus sampling and amniocentesis. There are some risks attached to the diagnostic tests, which includes miscarriage, so it isn’t offered to all women but to the specific one.

When is the screening test done?

The screening test is offered between 10-20 weeks of pregnancy. There are two types of screen tests available, the biochemical screening and the ultrasound test. Screening test is absolutely safe for pregnant women.

Who can interpret your screening test?

You need to consult your doctor for the interpretation of results, for this now you don’t need to go anywhere but you can get the proper consultation of your doctor with Media mojo, which allows you to communicate with your doctor and to share the reports, take prescriptions, online via video call, audio call or chat.

Conclusion

It is very necessary to consult your doctor for the chances of having a baby with down syndrome. Monitoring the fetus health is necessary during pregnancy, don’t ignore it

 

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Kidney Disease, A Silent Killer!

world kidney day

Renal disease is an enemy which is often ignored. people pay less attention to it but in actual it is the silent enemy. It is also known as kidney disease. In this disease, your kidney slowly stops functioning in the right manner. Your kidneys are responsible for the removal of waste material and excess water. If your kidney stops functioning then certainly conditions will get worse.

Your kidneys are of vital importance, Renal disease gives rise to many other diseases because when your body  stops eliminating waste material and excess water then it all start getting stored within your body. This disease is something that needs to be taken more seriously.

Beat this enemy with digital health system

It is the perfect time to take this enemy seriously because it deserves to be taken that way. Kudos to the technology! Now you have the electronic health management system with you.

Are you wondering how you can use the electronic health management system? Well, here is your answer! All of you know that our world is getting more and more tech savvy, bows to technology now almost everybody has access to smartphones and tablets. You can surely manage your health in an effective way with digital medical records. If you are suffering from kidney  disease then you surely know how vital is to monitor your parameters like Creatinine , Urea, Haemoglobin, TLC , WBC etc.

Your Nephrologist would have told you to keep monitoring these parameters and manage them to stay healthy ? Nothing so difficult here. With digital health management system, you  get to manage them well and have access to these records from anywhere any time and consult your Doctor. It is really efficient for patients and for doctors. It provides a way to telehealth means you can consult your doctor just in no time, regardless of your location.

How can digital health records help you?

From doctor’s perspective, it is an effective way of giving consultation to patients because doctors don’t need to give additional time to patients, similarly. patients can consult their doctor from anywhere.

Suppose if you are are suffering from renal disease, you get access to lab test results really easily via health management system. you don’t need to go to your doctor, all you need to do is to consult your doctor via digital health management system, he will provide you with the required tests and you can get the test done from the referred lab, later on, you can share your lab test with the doctor.

Monitor renal disease via digital health management system

Some basic advantages of managing this renal disease via digital health system are

  • You can easily consult your doctor regardless of your location
  • you can view your lab tests results, moreover, you can share it with your doctor and can ask for the renewal of prescriptions.
  • This remote monitoring helps you and your family to keep monitoring the health conditions, this how you save yourself and your family from emergency visits to hospitals.
  • Now with this, there are few chances of errors because you get the exact prescribed medicines
  • Electronic health records help your doctor in getting insight of your healthy history so that it also reduces the chance of duplicate tests.
  • Digital health management system lets you save time and money, you don’t need to go anywhere physically.

From doctor’s perspective, its importance can’t be ignored. The ability of quickly interpreting tests and prescribing medicines is an asset. Digital health records help you to save space. With a digital health management system, doctors can serve more patients in a day, with this their productivity get increased and they require less time to check each patient.

Bottom Line

No denials! Electronic health management system is of vital importance. It decreases the chances of hand-transcribed errors. With digital health management system, there is no chance of losing patients file and you can easily talk to your patient. Now with this system patients save time and get accurate needed consultation.

Need of the hour – better health for working mothers!

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Health problems of working women haven’t been addressed properly.  Stress of work coupled with domestic responsibilities & pregnancy related problems has taken a toll not only on women’s physical health, but their mental health too, with a large number of women being afflicted by common mental disorders including depression. Faced with gender based discrimination at different stages of their lives, many find it difficult to cope with the stress they are subjected to.

The survey titled ‘Multi-tasking seriously affecting corporate women’s health’ was conducted by the Associated Chamber of Commerce and Industry to mark International Women’s Day [1] The survey that was conducted has found that about 42% of working women suffer from lifestyle diseases such as hypertension, obesity, depression, backache and heart ailments while 22% are afflicted with chronic diseases. Furthermore, there have been a severe increase in lifestyle diseases amongst women, especially working mothers’ for the past few years. 68% of working women in the age bracket of 21-52 years were found to be afflicted with lifestyle ailments. [2]

However, due to hectic lifestyles and ignorance, there is a lack of awareness regarding the diseases that are caused, especially mental ailments such as depression, anxiety amongst others.  As per World Health Organization (WHO) estimates, depression is expected to be the second largest contributor to disease burden by 2020, and with one in every three women worldwide being afflicted by common mental disorders including depression, the mental health of women is a serious issue indeed.[3] The study ‘Preventive Healthcare and Corporate Female Workforce’ also said that long hours and working under strict deadlines cause up to 75% of working women to suffer from depression or general anxiety disorder, compared to women with lesser levels of psychological demand at work[4]

WHAT CAN BE DONE?

These frightening statistics give rise to concern regarding the health of working mothers’. There is an urgent need for damage control and reducing the spread of such diseases. The health of working mothers’ does not only affect her family and her children but also the workforce of the organization they are working in. Therefore, it is beneficial for organizations to provide certain schemes that would help not just the working mothers’ but also other employees of the company. Monthly or quarterly health check-ups of the employees could be a good start.

Also, there could be a provision of psychologists or therapists in every organization, which enables employees to have easy access to any sort of psychological problem they are dealing with.  The organization should spread awareness amongst the staff regarding prevalent health risks and diseases and there should be regular awareness programs in this regard. Also, they should be provided with healthcare benefits that enables them to have hassle free access to medical facilities.

In furtherance to this, there should be policies made for working mothers’ that facilitate them to lead easier, healthier lives like providing facilities of daycare in the organization itself, flexible working hours, flexible leave policies etc.

Such benefits and policies will not only help improve the health of working mothers’ but will also prove to be an incentive for mothers’ to work

Breast Cancer: the deadly crab !!

Lifestyle change in India has impacted women adversely. Women have become increasingly

vulnerable to cervical and breast cancer. The latest trend pattern point towards younger

women contracting breast cancer, whereas the average age of contracting the disease till a

decade ago was from 45-55 years of age, as stated by the doctors at AIIMS1.

According to the recent reports, 17% of the total world population suffering from breast

cancer is from India. Furthermore, according to the experts from AIIMS, breast cancer is the

second most common cancer that the people suffer from. It has been roughly concluded that

for every 2 women newly diagnosed with breast cancer, one lady is dying of it. 2

Even though the statistics provide a rather grim scenario, fortunately the survival rate of

people suffering from breast cancer is estimated to be around 85% or more. Therefore, if

awareness is spread regarding the disease and there is early diagnosis then death due to breast

cancer can significantly reduce.

RISK FACTORS

In order for an early deduction, symptoms and causation of breast cancer have to be

recognised.

The risk factors that are present in breast cancer are divided into further sub-categories, (i)

Non-Hormone related risk factor, (ii) Hormone related risk factor.

(i) Non- Hormone related risk factors are: Hereditary breast cancer- People who have

(ii) Hormone related risk factors: Action of estrogens on breast. Breast tissue is

a history of breast cancer in their family are more prone to contracting breast

cancer. Other factors that affect are- Gender, females are prone to breast cancer.

Out of every 100 cases of breast cancer, only 1 may be in a male.

 Age is also considered to be one of the leading factors. Chances of developing

breast cancer increases, as the age increases. Presently, the peak period is

between the ages of 40 years-60 years.

 Stress, Obesity, taking of oral contraceptives and lack of exercise are also

considered to be few of the major risk factors.

responsive to the hormone estrogen, and prolonged action of estrogen on the

breast is not desirable; in a majority of breast cancers, estrogen is responsible to

‘drive’ the cancer cells.3

1 http://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/India-has-17-Percent-of-the-Worlds-Population-Suffering-from-

Breast-Cancer/2015/01/28/article2640991.ece

2 http://www.breastcancerindia.net/statistics/stat_global.html

3 http://www.breastcancerindia.net/bc/risk01.html

 If a women has disorder that affects that affect menstrual cycles, the likelihood

of risk of getting affected by breast cancer increases.

 Reproductive history of a woman is also a determining factor. If a woman has

a child after the age of 30, has an increased risk of developing breast cancer.

And so for the lady, who has never borne a child.

 Early menarche (The age when the first menstrual cycle occurs) and late

menopause (The age of the last menstrual cycle) are considered to be risk

factors. 4

SYMPTOMS

A person can perform a self detection in order to find out whether they have the

symptoms of breast cancer or not. If the following abnormalities are found, they

can go to a professional for further check-up and help.

(i) A change in how the breast and nipples feel: – If there is any tenderness or

any sort of lump near the breast or the underarm area.

 If there is any change in the skin texture or an enlargement of pores in the skin

of the breast.

 If there in any lump in the breast.

(ii) Any change in the breast or nipple appearance: – If there is any sort of

change in the size of the breast, either swelling or shrinkage of breast.

(especially if only on one side)

 If there is any redness or change in the texture resembling skin of an orange.

(iii) Any nipple discharge: – if there is any sort of milky discharge from the

nipple, when a woman is not breastfeeding can also be one of the

symptoms of breast cancer.

These are some of the common symptoms of Breast cancer. It is highly encouraged for

women to perform self examination at least once a month. Forty percent of diagnosed breast

cancers are detected by women who feel a lump, so establishing a regular breast self-exam is

very important. 5 It is also highly recommended for women to go for mammography at

regular intervals during the age of 40-60, in order for early detection.

TREATMENT IN INDIA

To fight breast cancer it is imperative to spread awareness regarding it. The term ‘cancer’

itself stems a foreboding feeling amongst most of us, it is important to understand that cancer

4 ibid

5 http://www.nationalbreastcancer.org/breast-self-exam

is curable. Breast Cancer has a very high chance of survival, hence if detected at an early

stage and with proper treatment it can be completely cured.

There are hospitals and healthcare facilities dedicated solely to cancer. The standard

treatment methods include- surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. There are hospitals

providing the high-end treatment for breast cancer. But it is expensive, unaffordable and

inaccessible to people. The process of cancer treatment can be a long and tedious one,

spanning over years at times. For most people living in towns and remote areas, it means

uprooting their lives in order to get the treatment.

In rural areas, there is a severe lack of awareness and screening process for early process. The

lack of facilities and technology in rural areas makes it incredibly difficult for people living

in those areas to get the treatment. Locally, there are hardly facilities available to do the

simple mammography.

Therefore, there is an urgent need to firstly, spread awareness on breast cancer. It calls for

complete evaluation of National Cancer Control Program (NCCP) with strong emphasis on

educating the public about the common symptoms and signs and the importance of early

diagnosis and treatment. This can be achieved through educating the individuals involved in

health care i.e. doctors at primary health centre, pharmacists, health workers (male and

female), anganwadi workers etc. The next level includes the educated and respectable persons

in the villages i.e. school teachers, sarpanch, ward members and active youths. 6

Participatory workshops and training sessions by the non government organizations(NGO),

municipal, district and state health administration, structured training and field activities by

medical colleges and regional cancer centres, participatory programs on radio and television

i.e. mass media, descriptive articles in newspapers and magazines, exhibitions and public

lectures etc. Well-illustrated audiovisual educational materials are extremely useful for

literate as well as illiterate populations. The other programs like reproductive and child health

programs can be utilized as opportunities to educate the public about the presentation and

early detection of cancer. Community-based educational intervention can increase

community awareness about cancer and can yield a positive change in the practice of strategy

for early detection of cancer. 7

Various strategies that have been given in order for cancer prevention are:

 Clinical breast examination by trained personnel in the rural areas like female

health workers has been suggested to be a viable screening option considering

the socio-economic condition and the unavailability of facilities at the remote

places.

 In the present scenario where a number of programs are being conducted on

the national basis under National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), organizing

6 http://medind.nic.in/jat/t10/i3/jatt10i3p299.htm

7 Sharma V, Giri S. Cancer control in India- A sorry state. Indian J Cancer 2009;46:340.

training and education for the health workers regarding clinical breast

examination can be achieved.

 Proper screening at the root level can definitely improve the present scenario

of presentation at an advanced stage in breast carcinomas. The availability of

treatment option at least at the district level is also essential as the

economically poor people differ to go for treatment to a far off place which is

the major cause for late presentation.

 A breast cancer pilot project can be initiated with establishment of diagnostic

facilities with trained staff for early diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer

patients at an early stage.8

If these steps are taken, if extensive awareness is spread amongst the people regarding the

disease and care and screening is made available at the very primary level then Breast Cancer

can be prevented before it gets fatal.

The Caring Parent – Prevent your kid from catching common cold

This is that time of the year , where you as a parent get cold at the thought of your child catching the common cold.

Do you know that most kids get infected with cold for 9 times or more in a year. This roughly amounts to once every month. Common Cold is the most common infectious disease among kids in many countries. We know you care for your kids and the following simple tips will help you beat the cold this time round and always.

So just follow them for a worry free enjoyable season :

1.

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Wash your kid’s hands regularly and thoroughly, and teach them to do so after and before eating and after coughing or sneezing.using a sanitizer every time would be of added benefit.

2.

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Prevent your child from being in the company of anyone who has a cold or is a smoker . Virus particles can travel up to 12 feet through the air when someone with a cold coughs or sneezes, and secondhand smoke can make your child more likely to get sick.

3.

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Clean & Disinfect the towel that you use on the child or still better use only disposable tissues /towels and discard them out of reach.

4.

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Make sure that your child drinks out of a fresh cleaned glass or water bottle every time she is drinking water or any other fluid.

5.

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Disinfect frequently touched surfaces, and objects such as toys and doorknobs. Using a household cleaner that kills viruses, such as phenol/alcohol may help to reduce viral transmission.

 

Sandhya’s Story :” I could have saved my husband “

Sandhya's Story

Sandhya’s Husband Satish was this  great guy, and he was hilariously funny. By 33 years of age he has already been seen as a bright performer and has recently been elevated to the role of an AVP , in his organization where he has been working for 3 years.

One day at office he  started to feel sick – tired at first , which he has been feeling with increased frequency in the last few months . His doctor had told him he had hypertension. And that was what making him feel sick often

But this time it was more serious as he was in a lot of pain, so much that he went to the emergency room. He was given pain medications and sent home.

The pain never went away. Two months later , it got so bad that he had to taken to the emergency where some pain medication and test done to ascertain the rise in BP a sure sigh of hypertension. The test results showed nothing abnormal to the presenting conditions and Satish was discharged with a range of Blood reports  , MRI etc and pain & hypertension management medication.

Missing Medical Record Delays Care

Sandhya Says  “ My husband’s conditions only worsened from here !”

He was referred to a bigger hospital where the doctors asked for Satish’s  previous reports and medication history

“I wish I had them organized and arranged “ feels Sandhya  regretfully.

Fighting for Access to Records

In the following 2 days, “ I went to the hospital & my consulting doctor “ –thankfully many of these reports could be  arranged but most of the prescription from the doctor could not be found as there was no record kept whatsoever.”

“ however unfortunately the doctors at the new hospital found these records  to have not bee updated or not kept in the standard format which further delayed the care”

“Finally with  the record., and some new tests, the new doctors, had a bigger shock in store for me”

“ Satish has been diagnosed with stage IV Kidney cancer.”

My world seemed crashing down “ when doctors made the astounding revelation that the previous health records were filled with actionable data that would have impacted Satish’s care and created a better living condition for him, and for both of us .

My husband came home to die. Recounts Sandhya – ” It was hard. But, I had access to the data, and I had his record that I could refer to, so I could take care of him for the next 2 years whereas the doctors had given him only 4-6 months.”

Sandhay feels” Other people don’t have to suffer like he did. I really believe that access to your medical record can change your life, can save your life, and can make you happier.

Medimojo : Your Health dashboard

Dashboard HQ (1)

All of us have owned , seen or known how a motorized vehicle works. Our Car in life has a pride of place and it is something which draws our collective fantasies. We take  great pains in ensuring the regular upkeep and maintenance of our car.

We very well know how a car functions and what are its vital “techno-markers” for a smooth trouble free functioning. The “techno-markers” significant for a smooth uninterrupted functioning of a car are its – clutch oil , break oil , engine oil , coolant etc.

As owners of car we are always mindful of these “techno-markers” , always being in the healthy zone .Being in that healthy zone ensures that the machine of our fantasy always stays in the peak of its performance and delivers uninterrupted service.

The car has a fancy dashboard , which keeps us informed any time and every time how these “techno-markers” are behaving and thus , how the machine is performing or may perform in the future. Every-time any of these “techno-markers” are likely to  affect the performance and smooth functioning the dashboard shows alerts for us to act and take immediate corrective measures.

What if there was a similar dashboard for a human body to alert occurrence of any avoidable event and ensuring a non stop healthy living without the interruptions caused by unforeseen illnesses.

Like the car Dash Board and its “techno –markers” what if there was a alert system to correct any such interruption before they happen.

What if that advance alert system could  detect or predict such events early and preventive action be taken just like in the case of your car.

Everytime we engage with the players of health/medical systems , we create a medical event in our life. In each such event there is a lot of data generated about our health which may have significant bearing not just for that occasion but for future well being as well.

Each doctor engagement creates a prescription which has vitals about our health life , BP , BMI , symptoms and medication history. Every blood report that you get done there are 3-4 pages of report with many different values and multiple parameters which are your “Bio-markers”.

The Consultant may explain some of these to you if you have a presenting problem relevant to the presenting conditions. However , many of the other parameters go unnoticed and unexplained and eventually get lost as they are not relevant to the presenting conditions.

It is in these data that the “Bio-markers” for your uninterrupted disease free healthy living  exists .

These is where the digitization of health records become significant and tracking and analyzing them makes impactful difference to a healthy happy living. If recorded & analyzed over time , the data available in the prescription and the Bio-Markers” in the various diagnostic reports  become the alerts for the health Dashboard, much like the system that your car has.

Digitization of health records not just enables its storage , access and future perusal but also gives insights and alerts which can keep you and your loved ones avoid episodes of prolonged illness and avoid costly hospitalization expenses.

So Digitize every health record and get dashboard for tracking your and your family’s health and pave the way for a healthier , happier illness free living.